Copyright © Diagnofirm 2007.
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Test Dictionary

A - E F - J K - O P - T U -Z
A - E
AFB Acid - Fast Bacilli Stain

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Sputum, Advisable early morning Specimen

No AFB seen


Z.N Stain

Same Day
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ACPH Acid Phosphatase ( Total )

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

1- 6.5 u/l


Spectrometry (Automated)

24 Hours
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ACPR Acid Phosphatase (Prostatic)

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

0 - 3.5 u/l


Spectrometry (Automated)

24 Hours
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ALT Alanine Aminotransferase

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Comments:

2 ml Serum

Male upto 40 u/l
Female upto 35 u/l

Spectrometry (Automated)

Same Day

See SGPT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ALBU Albumin

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

35 - 50 g/l


Spectrometry (Automated)

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ALCO Alcohol in Blood

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Comments:

1 ml Serum or heparinized Plasma

0%


Spectrometry (Automated)

24 Hours

For Clinical Purposes only (not for Legal)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ALPH Alkaline Phosphatase

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

38 - 136 u/l


Spectrometry (Automated)

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AFP Alphafetoprotein

Requirements:

Reference

Range:








Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Male/Non Pregnant: < 10 u/ml
Pregnant Median ( 2.5 x Median )
15 Weeks 32 ( 80 )
16 Weeks : 39 ( 97 )
17 Weeks : 44 ( 110 )
18 Weeks : 50 ( 125 )
19 Weeks : 64 ( 160 )
20 Weeks : 68 ( 170 )

ELFA

1 - 2 Days
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AMP Amphetamines

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

10 ml Fresh urine

Negative


Immunochromatographic Assay ( Screening Test )

24 Hours
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AMYS Amylase in Serum

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

10 - 100 u/I l


Spectrometry (Automated)

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AMYU Amylase in Urine

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

10 ML Random Urine

upto 380 u/l


Spectroemtry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANAP ANA Profile

Requirements:

Reference

Range:









Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum

nRNP             Negative
Sm             Negative
SS-A(Ro)             Negative
SS-B(La)             Negative
Scl-70             Negative
Jo-1             Negative
CenP B             Negative
dsDNA             Negative
Histones             Negative
Rib. P-Prot.             Negative

Euroline

1 - 2 Days
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DNA Anti DNA Double Strand

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


I/IF (Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ECHA Anti Echinococcus (Hydatid) AB

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


I/IF (Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AGAB Anti Gliadin Antibodies

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


I/IF (Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HBCT Anti Hepatitis B Core Antibody Total

Requirements:

Reference

Range:



Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative > 1.2 Index
Equivocal 0.8 - 1.2 Index
Positive < 0.8 Index

MEIA

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HBST Anti Hepatitis B Surface AB Total

Requirements:

Reference

Range:



Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Not Present < 5.0 Index
Present > 5.0 Index
protective immune Level > 10.0 Index

MEIA

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HBEB Anti Hepatitis Be Antibody Total

Requirements:

Reference

Range:



Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative > 0.5 Index
Equivocal 0.4 - 0.5 Index
Positive < 0.4 Index

MEIA

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MITA Anti Metochondrial Antibodies

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


I/IF (Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANA Anti Nuclear Antibody

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


I/IF (Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SMA Anti Smooth Muscle Antibodies

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


I/IF (Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPAB Anti Spermatozoid Antibodies ( Friberg )

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


I/IF (Indirect Immunofluorescent )

3 - 7 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ATG Anti Thyroglobulin Antibody

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum or Heparinized Plasma

Upto 40 u/ml


Chemiluminescent

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ATPO Anti Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum, EDTA Plasma or Heparinized Plasma

< 35 u/ml


Chemiluminescent

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ASO Antistreptolysin O ( Qnautitative )

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative < 120 u/ml


Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
APOA Apolipoprotein A1

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum, Drawn after 14 Hours Fast

0.86 - 1.64 g/ l


Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
APOB Apolipoprotein B

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum, Drawn after 14 Hours Fast

0.51 - 1.64 g/ l


Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BAR Barbiturates

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

10 ml Fresh Urine

Negative l


Immunochromatographic Assay ( Screening Test )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BZO Benzodiazepines

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

10 ml Fresh Urine

Negative l


Immunochromatographic Assay ( Screening Test )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BILD Bilirubin Direct

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

1 - 9.0 umol/l


Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BILI Bilirubin Indirect

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

0.5 - 11.0 umol/l


Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
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BILT Bilirubin Total

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

0.5 - 20 umol/l


Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BT Bleeding Time

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Comments:

Patient needs to come to a DML Lab

2 - 7 Minutes


Ivy's method

Same Day

For this test please contact DML
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLGR Blood Group and RH

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml EDTA Blood

See Lab. Report


Direct Agglutination Test

Same Day
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BRUC Brucella Antibody

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


HA Test

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PTD C - Peptide

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum (Fasting)

0.9 - 4.0 NG/ML


Chemiluminescent

1 - 2 Days
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CRP C Reactive Protein

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative < 6 mg/l


Manual (Agglutination)

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
C3 C3 Complement

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

0.19 - 1.57 g/l


RID

3 Days
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C4 C4 Complement

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Male 0.14 - 0.44 g/l
Female 0.15 - 0.39 g/l

RID

3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CAS Calcium in Serum

Requirements:

Reference

Range:



Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

upto 1 Month 7.5 - 11.5 mg/dl 1.75 - 2.87 mmol/l
1M - 1 Year 9.2 - 11.2 mg/dl 2.15 - 2.79 mmol/l
Adults 8.8 - 10.2 mg/dl 2.2 - 2.62 mmol/l

Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CAU Calcium in Urine

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

24h Urine

50 - 400 mg/24h Urine
12.45 -100 mmol/24h Urine

Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CCA Calculus Chemical Analyst

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Urinary or Kidney Stone in Clean Container

See Lab Report


Chemical Reactions

1 - 2 Days
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C125 Cancer Antigen 125 ( Carbohydrate Antieen 125 )

Requirements:

Reference

Range:



Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative < 35 u/ml
Border Line 35 - 65 u/ml
Positive > 65 u/ml

ELFA

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CA 15 Cancer Antigen 15.3

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

< 35 u/ml


Chemiluminescent

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
C199 Cancer Antigen 19.9

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative < 37 u/ml


ELFA

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CAN Cannabis

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

10 ml Fresh Urine

Negative


Immunochromatographic Assay ( Screening Test )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CARB Carbamazepine (Tegretol)

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum

MEC 34 Therapeutic Range 35 - 51 Potentially toxic < 51


Chemiluminescent

1 - 2 days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CEA Carcino Embryonic Antigen (CEA)

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Non Smokers 0 - 2.5 mg/ml
Smokers 0 - 10 mg/ml

Chemiluminescent or ELFA

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CLMG Chlamydia Antibody

Requirements:

Reference

Range:



Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative
Male < 16 Titer
Female < 64 titer

D/IF ( Direct Immunofluorescent )

1 -2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CHLD Chlamydia Direct Test

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Fixed Slide, Please use special collection kit

Negative


I/IF ( Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 -2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CLS Chloride in Serum

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

96 - 105 mmol/l


Automated

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CLU Chloride in Urine

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

24 Hours urine

110 - 250 mg/dl 3.6 - 6.5 mmol/l


Chloride meter (Titration)

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CHOL Cholestrol

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

140 - 200 mg/dl
3.0 - 5.2 mmol/l

Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COC Cocaine

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

10 ml Fresh Urine

Negative


Immunochromatographic Assay ( Screening Test )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COMI Coomb`s Test, Indirect

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum

Negative


Coomb`s Reaction

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COMD COOM'S TEST-DIRECT

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml EDTA blood

Negative


Coomb`s Reaction

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COR Cortisol in Blood

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

A.M 119 - 618 nmol/l
PM 85 - 460 nmol

Chemiluminescent

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CPK Creatine Kinase

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum

Male 30 - 135 u/l
Female 30 - 135 u/l

Spectrometry (Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CKMB Creatine Kinase Isoenzyme (CK-MB)

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum

1 u/l


Spectrometry (Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CRCL Creatinine Clearance

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum   +24hours Urine

Male 98 - 156 ml/min
Female 95 - 160 ml/min

Spectrometry ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CRNS Creatinine in Serum

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum

60 - 125 umol/l


Spectrometry (Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CRNU Creatinine in Urine

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

24 Hours Urine Collection

1.0 - 1.5 g/24h


Spectrometry (Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUBL Culture, Blood

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

7 ml Blood in Special Media ( Available in DML F.O.C. )

No Bacterial Growth


Automated ( Bact-Alert )

5 -7 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUCS Culture, CSF

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

CSF in Sterile Plastic Tub

No Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 -3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUE Culture, Ear

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Swab in Transport Medium

No Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 -3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUEY Culture, Eye

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Swab in Transport Medium

No Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 -3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUF Culture, Fungi

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Swab in Transport Medium

No Fungal growth


MC

3 Weeks
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUVS Culture, High Vaginal Swab ( HVS )

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

HVS in Transport Medium

No Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 -3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MYCU Culture, Mycoplasma

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Urethral or Vaginal Swab in Transport Media

Negative


Culture using special Media

2 -3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUN Culture, Nasal

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Swab in Transport Medium

No Pathogenic Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 -3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUP Culture, Pus

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Swab in Transport Medium

No Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 -3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUSP Culture, Sputum

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Sputum in sterile container

No Pathogenic Bacterial Growth


MCS + ZN Stain for TB

2 -3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUST Culture, Stool

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 g Stool in Sterile Container

No Pathogenic Bacterial Growth


MCS + Rota Virus screen for infants

3 -4 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUTH Culture, Throat

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Swab in Transport Medium

No Pathogenic Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 - 3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUUR Culture, Urethral

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Urethral Swab in Transport medium

No Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 - 3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUU Culture, Urine

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

20 ml Urine in Sterile Container

No Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 - 3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CUW Culture, Wound

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Swab in Transport Medium

No Bacterial Growth


MCS

2 - 3 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CMV Cytomegalovirus IgG

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum

Negative , Not Immune < 6 u/l
Positive, Immune > 6 u/l

ELFA

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CMVM Cytomegalovirus IgM

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum

Negative < 0.90 index
Positive > 0.90 index

ELFA

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DFM Dark Field Microscopy

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Comments:










For this test please contact DML
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DHEA Dehydroepiandrosterone-Sulfate

Requirements:

Reference

Range:



Method:


Assay time:

2 ml Serum

Male 80 - 560 ug/dl
Female 35 - 430 ug/dl
Postmenopausal 6 - 72 ug/dl

Chemilumenscent

48 Hours
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DPD Deoxypyridinoline in Urine

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

20 ml Urine (first or second morning urine)

Male 2.3 - 5.4 nM DPD/mM Creatinine
Female 5.2 - 7.4 nM DPD/mM Creatinine

Chemilumenscent

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DIFF Differential Count

Requirements:

Reference

Range:







Method:


Assay time:

1 ml EDTA Blood

Adults
Neutrophils 40 - 70 %
Stab-Form 3 - 5 %
Lymphocytes 20 - 45 %
Eiosinophils 1 - 6 %
Monocytes 2 - 10 %
Basophils 0 - 1 %

Microscopic

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DGST Direct Gram`s Stain

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Uretheral , Vaginal Slide or fresh Swab.

No organism seen


Gram`s Stain and Microscopic Examination

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DNA DNA

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


I/IF ( Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOWN Down`s Syndrome Screen (Triple Screen)

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Comments:

5 ml Serum

Negative




2 - 3 Days

For this test please contact DML and ask for specil request form.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DSU Drug Screen in Urine

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

Comments:

10 ml Urine

Negative


Chormatography



Contact DML for test results
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
EBVG Epstein-Barr Virus Ab IgG

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative < 1:10
Positive > 1:10

I/F ( Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
EBV Epstein-Barr Virus IgM Antibody

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Negative


I/F ( Indirect Immunofluorescent )

1 - 2 Days
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
RBC Erythrocytes Count

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

1 ml Serum

Male 4.4 - 5.9 10*12/l
Female 3.9 - 5.3 10*12/l

Cell Counter ( Automated )

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ESR Erythrocytes Sedimentation Rate

Requirements:

Reference

Range:


Method:


Assay time:

3 ml Citrated Blood

Up to 7 mm ( 1 Hour )


ALIFAX Test 1 ( Automated)

Same Day
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------